【Minimalist Book】Digital Minimalist (Review Article)


I think that there are many people who have become indispensable smartphones and SNS in their current lives.

However, even though I spent a lot of time on them, I feel that I have not gained enough benefits.

In this article, I'll show you the synopsis of "Digital Minimalist" and the impressions you've read!


Digital minimalist information

Author: Cal Newport

Born in 1982, he is an associate professor of computer science at Georgetown University.

He holds a bachelor's degree from Dartmouth College and a master's and doctorate degree from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

Study Hucks, a blog that increases productivity and lives a fulfilling life, is accessed 3 million per year.

His books include "Push through where you are!" and "Focus on important things."

Synopsis: Exploring the true identity of SNS

First of all, we will clarify how much our lives have been transformed by the technology of smartphones.

Next, we will know how we will take away our time planned by the operating company of SNS and make a plan for it.

Finally, we will consider how to use it appropriately, referring to the success examples of real digital minimalism.

Instead of forcing sns and smartphone to break away, I felt sympathy with the part that adjusts the sense of distance by the reader.

↓Articles about "digital detox" written before

【Digital Detox】Distance from smartphone addiction and information overload with minimalist thinking!

Digital Minimalists: The Basics


The author, who had not touched on SNS, realized the dangers because of the long column "I used to be a human being".

As we investigate, we find that social media dependencies are born and utilized unintendedly.

There are many ways to temporarily leave the digital device as a countermeasure against dependence, but it is a temporary rest.

To face social media firmly, you can't avoid the chance to let them go once.

Identity of smartphone dependence

The original concept of the iPhone being unveiled was "integrating the phone and the music player".

There was no app store, and Steve Jobs was negative about accepting apps from other companies.

SnS, which suddenly occurred and spread rapidly, uses the fundamental nature of human beings, "strengthening between between" and "approval desire".

Random rewards are more euphoria, so it's good to strengthen your room! Button notifications stimulate this.

The desire for approval takes advantage of the age-old nature of human beings, social animals, gaining approval from tribes.

It was a dependence discovered by chance, but now SNS management companies are doing research with a lot of money.

I am convinced that we individuals cannot overcome the results that large companies are doing research in large numbers.

Digital Minimalism

Social media, which is the result of fundamental human needs and research by large corporations, requires digital minimalism.

The author defined digital minimalism as follows: (The exact definition is in the book)

"Using carefully selected equipment that is a plus for what you are important, the philosophy of use that will spare others generously"

An important part of this idea is "not to quit" and "symmetric with passive maximists".

If you decide your digital usage philosophy, you can make a decision without being shaken when a new service appears.

If you only use the app DL because there seems to be a merit even a little, you may be deprived of important things.

The author also introduces the three principles of digital minimalist, with grounds.

(1) The more you have, the more expensive it is.

When discussing social media, it is very common to look at the advantages and disadvantages of individual services, but it is not essential.

If attention is taken only by each small merit, it might be written off.

It is convenient to convey the current situation, but is there a need to use a large amount of these services in the first place?

The author cites farmers who grow more crops than necessary and suffer from the cost of farmland and fertilizer.

(2) Optimization is the key to success

In many events, it is known that the relationship that increases as one increases and the other increases is not eternal.

The same goes for happiness when technology is introduced, and it's always important to consider it.

Judging individual merits is the first step, and it may be necessary to think about what to use for.

In order to enjoy technology at the highest level of happiness, optimization must be considered.

(3) Being conscious leads to a sense of fulfillment

If you decide for yourself what to use sns for, you will be less swayed.

Digital minimalism is aimed at noticing this, and this is the most important thing.

An example is a person called the Amish who refuses to use technology after moving to the United States.

In fact, they use modern equipment, but they judge exactly what value it brings.

Digital tidying up

In order to counter SNS that is difficult for humanity to resist, the author proposes a short-term decisive battle rather than a trick.

This is called digital tidying up, and the sense of distance with SNS is reconfirmed according to the following rules.

  1. Stop using technologies you don't necessarily need for 30 days
  2. Find fun and rewarding activities during this 30 days
  3. Implement while thinking about the benefits of each service

(1) Suspend the use of technologies that are not necessarily necessary for 30 days

Digital tidying is used through a computer or mobile phone screen.

"Not essential" does not interfere with daily life even if it is not (apart friendship is △)

You can also stop using the service in general, or you can take measures such as cutting notifications as necessary.

It is important to decide the rules properly, such as writing things that should not be used on paper or erasing the app.

(2) Find fun and rewarding activities during this 30 days

Among those who have been touching smartphones and SNS for a long time, there must be many people who have nothing else to do.

If there is nothing else you want to do, even if you are released from SNS with great care, you will be left on hand.

Find something that you really enjoy (something real) that you really enjoy(good) that's not for approval.

Even if you are doing other things, it is tempting to think about the angle of the photo to put on SNS.

(3) Introduce while considering what benefits each service will bring

It is the last trial when I distance myself from SNS and realize how I was swayed by them.

Think carefully about how the services you reintroducate will have a positive impact on you.

There should be services that I thought I don't have to be honest, so it's × to reintroduce it because I'm worried somehow.

When you're done, your phone should still have an app that you really "use" for.

Digital Minimalist: Exercises

Have time alone

Human beings cannot live alone, but they need loneliness when putting together ideas.

There is a person who imagines the mountain interior where there is no one when saying alone here, but such a thing is not so.

Loneliness is defined in this book as "a state in which one's thoughts are disconnected from the input of others."

In other words, loneliness was gained even in noisy cafes, but our loneliness is being lost by smartphones.

This may also have something to do with the fact that many people undermine mental health in the generation where the iPhone appeared.

Isn't it dangerous to lose the opportunity to talk with yourself and to be constantly exposed to information from outside?

Exercise: Put your smartphone down and let's get out

It's hard to completely let go of your loneliness-depriving smartphone, but you can leave it on a little outing.

It may feel somewhat inconvenient, but what you notice is that "you are not troubled more than you think".

Exercise: Let's go for a long walk

A way to create a time of solitude is a few hours of walk (without a smartphone, of course).

You can not only walk and summarize your thoughts like historical figures, but also think about things that are rambling.

Exercise: Write to yourself

Prepare a notebook that summarizes your actions and thoughts at that time and face yourself.

If you look back later, you may see your thoughts at that time and the jinx of success.

Don't like

Apparently, man seems to have a strong concern for the connection with others even when doing nothing.

The interactions that had been seen while watching subtle changes in the other party face-to-face until now are changing to something simpler than SNS.

There are benefits to connecting with others, both offline and online, but the former is happier.

The fact that pressing "like" on SNS reduces conversations with friends in front of you works negatively for happiness.

I prioritize interaction in person, video, and voice calls, and think of texts and stamps as just a means of communication.

If there is a post on SNS that a child was born, let's make a phone call instead of pressing "like".

Exercise: Process text messages together

Other messages aren't the most important if you ask them to communicate the really important requirements in the call.

Even if you check your smartphone once an hour, you will not always be threatened by SNS notifications.

Exercise: Let's set up business hours

If you're too lazy to call or face-to-face, you'll have to set the place and time for the other person.

Other party's labor is lost if my time is decided, "0:00-0 o'clock of the 0 days of the week" as a solution.

Let's get our hobbies back.

Living dependent on smartphones and SNS is mainly passive in receiving works made by people and companies.

As a high-quality leisure activity, the author advocates "active living" that gets a hard time and compensation for problems.

The benefits of active living are that they have less financial burden, exercise, and good mental health.

There are opinions that I'm tired from work and don't want to do anything anymore, but I can't get tired even if I spend a lazy time.

Prioritize physical activity over passive consumption

Use your skills to create valuable things in the material world

Find activities that require real interaction with a framework to support friendship

Exercise: Make or repair something a week

You can actively engage in activities by creating or devising real-world forms with your own hands.

These skills can be obtained on SNS such as Youtube, but if there is a proper purpose, SNS will be an ally.

Exercise: Schedule low-quality leisure activities

Let's divide the passive activity while looking at the smartphone into the time that should not be a good time.

By saving low-quality leisure activities, you can also do high-quality leisure activities without letting go of sns.

Exercise: Join something

By participating in activities that allow people to connect with each other, a sense of fulfillment and mental stability can also be achieved.

It is recommended that you use words that only you can understand in the group, and where there is a high connection between the inner circle.

Exercise: Plan your leisure activities

Plan your most recent leisure time by thinking about what you want to do.

By keeping the purpose, means, and progress confirmed well, the feasibility of the plan will increase.

Let's erase all SNS apps

Smartphones and SNS are now almost indispensable for our lives.

But on the other hand, digital large companies are continuing research that takes away our time to fertilize our private stomachs.

In order to counter this, it is effective to use a system with a "digital resistance" perspective.

Quickly climb into enemy territory for specific benefits and retreat before the company's trap is closed.

The use of tools is necessary to resist the idea of competing with companies for time and mental stability.

Exercise: Remove social media from your phone

You can check the status of the other person from your home computer without being on the go.

Having equipment that is always accessible at hand will undoubtedly hinder our resistance to dependence.

In fact, companies also find that there are many traps in mobile apps, such as advertisements and notifications.

By eliminating easy access, you'll surely have less time to access social media.

Exercise: Let's put the device back to a single-task tool

It was epoch-making that smartphones and PCs can be used for multiple purposes instead of one.

However, it was not expected to check different SNS accounts every second.

Multitasking slows down the brain and needs to be used to reform it because it knows it's inefficient.

It is an effective means to block a certain set of apps from being available for a certain period of time.

Exercise: Imitate a digital minimalist pro

Imitate how people who have actually overcome the battle against social media.

There is no need to make a strategy from 1, and you only have to add your own ingenuity as necessary.

Exercise: Let's use slow media

I dare to use a crisis that can only be used for one purpose, such as newspapers and radio.

You don't have to worry about using other features, and it's easy to manage them yourself.

Exercise: Let's get back to Future Phone

I say that it is not embarrassing so much even if it returns to the future phone as an extreme.

But I personally think this is unrealistic, so I'll overdef.

What digital minimalist impressions

It started with a preface that the author did not touch SNS, so I thought that the content would be biased.

It is not so dependent on SNS, but recently there are remote classes and the internet connection time tends to increase.

Personally, I was surprised that "quitting likes" does not have a major impact on friendships.

I certainly don't care that much about who likes it, and sometimes I'm mechanical.

A SNS system that was regarded as a slot machine, a smartphone that can easily access it.

I wanted to keep in mind the use of good things while facing well!

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